Closing Community Pools During COVID-19

By Laura Otto
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Should community associations refrain from opening pools or close pools that are open in warmer parts of the country?

It is important for a community association to make a distinction between an essential facility and a nonessential facility during the COVID-19 pandemic. Every community is different, and the risks vary when it comes to their common areas and amenities. “While it may not be reasonable to close down the lobby in a condominium, swimming pools are not essential during this time and can be closed,” says Matt D. Ober a partner of Richardson|Ober|DeNichilo in Pasadena, Cali., a fellow in CAI’s College of Community Association Lawyers (CCAL).

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say there’s no evidence that COVID-19 can spread through the use of pools and hot tubs and that “proper operation, maintenance, and disinfection (e.g., with chlorine and bromine) of pools and hot tubs should remove or inactivate the virus that causes COVID-19,” but many associations have erred on the side of caution and closed pools until further notice.

“We just made the decision to close our pool, hot tubs, and sauna,” says Steve Banahan, president of Snowbrook Village Condo Association in Carrabassett Valley, Maine. Even though the information Banahan and his team gathered from reliable sources says the pool and hot tub water could be disinfected with proper use of chemicals, “The difficulty came in keeping all the surfaces clean. We need to protect our staff, owners, and renters,” he adds.

It’s important to note that the Pool & Hot Tub Alliance believes companies that supply pool sanitization and disinfection materials, manage pool and hot tub maintenance, and are currently constructing in-ground pools and spas are essential to preventing the transmission of infectious diseases, maintaining community health, and ensuring public safety.

Jim Durkee of AAA Pool Services in Virginia Beach, Va., echos the PHTA recommendations, “Continued maintenance and sanitation of all pools is an essential part of public safety and helps to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.”

It’s important to follow what your state or local government and health officials have advised regarding COVID-19, according to James H. Slaughter, a partner in the law firm of Black, Slaughter & Black in Greensboro, N.C., and a CCAL fellow.

“If someone gets sick, the likelihood of the association being liable is very small. That’s because it’s difficult to prove the cause of any specific illness,” he adds.

According to Joel W. Meskin, CIRMS, managing director for community association insurance and risk management at McGowan Program Administrators in Fairview Park, Ohio, and a CCAL fellow, it is imperative that community associations consult with legal counsel and provide a written position on this issue, specifically if the board wants to keep the pool open. 

“The legal consultation should include whether there are any federal, state, or local regulations that are applicable and or governmental orders that address this issue. In a state with a lockdown order, we would presume, although not assume, that it would be implied that closing the pool is included even if not expressly stated,” says Meskin.

CAI has developed guidance, sample forms and documents, and FAQs on the COVID-19 outbreak. Bookmark the page and return regularly for updates and additional resources.

Disclaimer: This information is subject to change. It is published with the understanding that Community Associations Institute is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, medical, or other professional services. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.​ explores questions and comments from community association members living in condominiums, homeowners associations, and housing cooperatives. We then assemble trusted experts to provide practical solutions to your most commonly asked, timely questions. We never use real names, but we always tackle real issues. Have a question or comment about your community association? Submit here for consideration:

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Laura Otto

Laura Otto is the Senior Editor of Digital Content at CAI. A seasoned journalist, Laura previously worked for a creative, advocacy agency in Washington, D.C., where she wrote and edited content for a variety of public health clients. Prior to that, Laura served as a senior writer and editor for the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Laura is a graduate of Temple University in Philadelphia.