Electric Vehicle Charging Stations: Who is responsible for installation and maintenance?

By Kevin Hirzel
Image Description

If I live in a condo and buy an electric vehicle, how do I work with my association to set up a charging station? Who is responsible for installation and maintenance?

Prior to purchasing an electric vehicle, you should review your condominium documents and applicable state laws. California, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, and Oregon have passed laws regulating requests to install electric vehicle charging stations. Many municipalities also have adopted ordinances regulating installation.

Some condominium documents contain specific requirements for charging stations, but most don’t specifically address the subject. When the documents are silent on the matter, a request to install a charging station is typically handled as a request to modify the general or limited common elements. Most condominium associations will require an owner to submit detailed plans so the board or architectural committee can determine if the proposal is safe and otherwise complies with the documents.

If you do not consult with the association before installing a charging station, this may result in a bylaw violation, and the association may file a lawsuit to make you remove the station. Most condominiums will permit a Level 1 charging station (plugging into the wall) or a Level 2 charging station (a small wall-mounted charging station) if consulted in advance.

After an owner submits a modification request, it is common for the condominium association to prepare a written agreement that outlines the obligations of the parties. Common modification agreement provisions stipulate that the owner must:

  • Satisfy all building code requirements
  • Hire a licensed and insured professional to install the charging station
  • Adhere to any aesthetic standards identified by the association
  • Pay for any costs for installing, insuring, and maintaining the charging station
  • Indemnify the association if the charging station causes any damage
  • Pay for all electricity usage. In some instances, this will require the installation of a separate meter for the charging station.

The association also may identify the length of time that the charging station may remain installed and whether it needs to be removed upon the sale of the condominium unit.

Before purchasing an electric vehicle, you also might consider consulting with a local community association attorney. He or she can help you avoid any surprises by reviewing your condominium documents and state laws. The upfront investment may save you from making an expensive mistake and will make the process of requesting a charging station much smoother.

This article originally appeared in The Washington Post on July 17. Access the article here.

HOAresources.com explores questions and comments from community association members living in condominiums, homeowners associations, and housing cooperatives. We then assemble trusted experts to provide practical solutions to your most commonly asked, timely questions. We never use real names, but we always tackle real issues. Have a question or comment about your community association? Submit here for consideration:

Get More Expert Advice

Join CAI’s online community for access to the industry’s most in-demand community association resources.

Thousands of your peers are sharing advice.

Kevin Hirzel

Kevin M. Hirzel is the managing member of Hirzel Law, PLC in Farmington, Mich., and a fellow of the Community Associations Institute College of Community Association Lawyers.