Addressing and Preventing Discrimination in HOAs

By Amy Repke
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A new report, “Creating Harmony in Diverse Communities,” published by the Foundation for Community Association Research, examines the extent of discrimination claims in community associations and suggests that communities such as condominiums, homeowners associations, and housing cooperatives with robust communications and active social events calendars have fewer complaints.

More than 1,000 community association managers and community association residents were surveyed separately and asked about experiences regarding discrimination claims, how any issues have been resolved, and practices for reducing complaints in community associations.

According to the Foundation’s report, the majority (59%) of community association managers surveyed say there has been no change in the number of discrimination claims, while 53% report one discrimination claim in their community. Less than one-quarter of manager respondents (24%) believe there has been an increase in complaints versus a decrease (4%). Intertwined with discrimination claims are general complaints from residents in response to delinquent assessment collections notices or community covenants compliance requests. The report shows over half of the claims (55%) were prompted by collection notices, violation letters, or social media posts.

Proactive measures to prevent discrimination claims correlates to a decreased number. The research shows that two-thirds of residents (64%) agree that the regular events their association hosts help them get to know their neighbors. While eight in 10 residents agree that knowing their neighbors would contribute to more talking to them versus reporting a dispute.

“Today’s community associations represent a mix of cultural identities, socioeconomic backgrounds, religious beliefs, and more. And while only 1% of more than 300 residents report having an outstanding claim against the community association for discrimination, even one complaint is too many.”  says Dawn M. Bauman, CAE, executive director of the Foundation and CAI’s senior vice president for government and public affairs.

Bauman believes community associations should be making communication and engagement opportunities for neighbors top priorities. “A robust communications program and year-round activities where all residents connect, support, and share experiences with one another are essential for creating harmony in diverse communities,” she says.

The Foundation has recommended that CAI develop new education and training that cover diversity and discrimination issues in condominiums and homeowners associations.

In response, CAI has published the following new resources:

Diverse and Inclusive Communities Guide. The new guide includes a community association equality pledge, a nondiscrimination policy, harassment education and policies, and more resources and reading on the subject.

Community Associations and Diversity. The new 2-hour webinar package features recorded video presentations from CAI’s 2021 Community Association Law Seminar. Presentations include “Agents of Change: Overcoming Racism in Community Associations” and “Community Associations and Harassment Complaints.

In addition to these new resources, CAI has public policies advocating for fair housing and for a simplified process by which community associations can amend their documents to remove discriminatory restrictive covenants. explores questions and comments from community association members living in condominiums, homeowners associations, and housing cooperatives. We then assemble trusted experts to provide practical solutions to your most commonly asked, timely questions. We never use real names, but we always tackle real issues. Have a question or comment about your community association? Submit here for consideration:

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Amy Repke

Amy Repke, Vice President, Communications & Marketing. Amy brings more than 20 years of experience to CAI. Her communications career began in television news where she worked as a producer, writer, and assignment manager for local and network news channels. Amy has been nominated for four Washington Regional Emmy awards for writing and producing. Amy is a graduate of Old Dominion University and received a master's degree in Strategic Public Communications from American University.